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May 1919 – a nationalist movement

Northern expedition – a campaign to unite the country, against the warlords (landlords), each protected by some imperialist power.

Nationalists kill communist workers, 1926 (?). Lesson: union of 2 parties is dangerous.

New Life Movement – Conf. + Fascism, 1930’s

Chinese communism – based on peasants – leads to a version of Bonapartism. Similarly for the USSR, Cuba, etc. In general, this is a law: communist movement based on peasants leads to Bonapartism, a one-man, one-party rule, no democracy.

The Long March
The Long March

Mao becomes a leader because his ideas on fighting were correct.

Chinese communists stop getting help from the Soviet Union

Shared hardships form a strong bond

Mao shared meal with his subordinates, sharing their hardships

Chiang does not resist Japanese invasion. Chiang collaborates with Japan.

A United Front between Nationalists and Communists against Japan (after capture of Chiang)

Japan invasion of China – beginning of WWII in Asia

Japanese kill Chinese, as in a civil war

CP sets up a base in Yenan, trains in Marxism, warfare

Woman – a virtual slave in own family, feet bound

Japanese fight a civil war in China – against Communists. Clashes between Communists and Nationalists

Japan launches the war on Pearl Harbor, 1941

Corruption in the Nationalist army, starts from Chiang’s inner circle

Communists – a popular force, a popular support, “democratic” in that sense

Civil war resumes after victory over Japan

Land redistribution, by communists

Nationalist fail for no popular support. “The water that carries the boat can also overturn it”

Reign of terror in Shanhai, before communists entered


“It’s easy to seize power, but difficult to maintain it”

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