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Definition:

Initially, the concepts of "philosophy" and "physics" were idential, as both desired to understand how nature functions. However, physics started to develop as a science with the advent of the scientific revolution in XVI century. Perhaps physics differes from other sciences and forms of knowledge not so much in the "subject" it studies - for the subject is the same for all - the Universe, all there is - but in the approaches it adopts. Physics views everything as inanimage matter, or energy, consisting of the smallest particles of nature. To explore these, physics often conducts experiments - although in the most stunning instances it formulates ideas before experiments are possible - and often uses mathematical apparatus for a more precise formulation of its intuitions about the particles. 

History of physics:

History of physics , 2013 sketch


Personalities:

1) Isaac Newton (1643-1727)

2) Max Planck (1858-1947)

3) Marie Curie (1867-1934)

Earnest Rutherford (1871-1937)

4) Albert Einstein (1879-1955)

5) Niels Bohr (1885-1962)

6) Werner Heisenberg (1901-1976)

7) Ilya Prigogine (1917-2003)

8) Richard Feynman  (1918-1988)

9) Murray Gell-Mann (b.1929)

10) Peter Higgs (b. 1929)

11) Stephen Hawking (b.1942)

Michio Kaku (b.1947)


Theories:

1)  Theory of relativity

2) Quantum theory

3) Theory of everything


Fields:

1) Energy

2) Self-organization of matter


Other languages:

Физика

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