Alfonso Cano, one of the leaders of FARC, killed by the military in 2011

Active: 1964-present

"a Marxist–Leninist peasant force"

In 1964, the FARC–EP were established as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party (Partido Comunista Colombiano, PCC), after the Colombian military attacked rural communist enclaves in the aftermath of The Violence (La Violencia, ca. 1948–58).

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