Hong Kong became a 
colony of the British Empire after Qing China's defeat in the First Opium War (1839–42). Originally confined to Hong Kong Island, the colony's boundaries were extended first to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then, with a 99-year lease beginning in 1898, the New Territories

Population over 7 million, high density of population per area

Under the principle of "one country, two systems",[16][17] Hong Kong maintains a separate political system from China. Except in military defence and foreign affairs, Hong Kong maintains its independent executive, legislative and judiciary powers.[18] In addition, Hong Kong continues to directly develop relations with foreign states and international organisations in a broad range of non-diplomatic fields.[19]

In the 1950s, Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies under rapid industrialisation driven by textile exports, manufacturing industries and re-exports of goods to China... the population grew, with labour costs remaining low...

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.