magnum opus is "History and Class Consciousness", first published in 1923

In 1924, shortly after Lenin's death, Lukács also published the short study Lenin: A Study in the Unity of His Thought.

His 'Blum theses' of 1928 called for the overthrow of the counterrevolutionary regime of Admiral Horthy by means of a strategy similar to the Popular Fronts of the 1930s. He advocated a 'democratic dictatorship' of the proletariat and peasantry as a transitional stage leading to the dictatorship of the proletariat. Lukács's strategy was condemned by the Comintern and thereafter he retreated from active politics into theoretical work.

Lukács's books The Young Hegel and The Destruction of Reason have been used to argue that Lukács was covertly critical of Stalinism as an irrational distortion of Hegelian-Marxism.

Lukács publicly abandoned his positions of 1956 and engaged in self-criticism. Having abandoned his earlier positions, Lukács was to remain loyal to the Communist Party until his death in 1971.

In his later career, Lukács repudiated the ideas of History and Class Consciousness, in particular the belief in the proletariat as a subject-object of history" (1960 Postface to French translation), but he wrote a defence of them as late as 1925 or 1926. This unfinished manuscript, which he called Tailism and the Dialectic, was only published in Hungarian in 1996 and English in 2000 under the title A Defence of History and Class Consciousness. It is perhaps the most important "unknown" Marxist text of the twentieth century

In an interview undertaken just before his death Lukács remarked: "Without a genuine general theory of society and its movement, one does not get away from Stalinism. Stalin was a great tactician...But Stalin, unfortunately, was not a Marxist...The essence of Stalinism lies in placing tactics before strategy, practice above theory...The bureaucracy generated by Stalinism is a tremendous evil. Society is suffocated by it. Everything becomes unreal, nominalistic. People see no design, no strategic aim, and do not move...".

“The Ontology of Social Being” – another major work

“Methodological Remarks on the Problem of Organization”, 1922

György Lukács (1885-1971) has published a book, "History and Class Consciousness" in 1923. This book consists of a number of essays, the last one being "Methodological Remarks on the Problem of Organization", written in 1922.

The key phrase of Lukacs in this text is this:

"organization is a form of mediation between theory and practice".

Organization which we should seek today, I believe, is organization of all our knowledge. 

Other languages:


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.