History of physics

2nd law of thermodynamics – formulated in 1824 by Said Carnot, and later in 1850 by Rudolf Clausius. Important for development of the power of the steam engine.

Theory of relativity – the only thought that comes to my mind as application is movement to the stars, interstellar travel. This is the general tendency of the theory.

Quantum theory – this appears as pointing to a journey into the micro world. Energy comes in “quanta”. Matter has wave properties.

Theory of Everything

·         М. Планк, «Единство физической картины мира», в «Астрономия и космология», 1998.1

·         М. Борн, «Эйнштейновская теория относительности», в «Астрономия и космология», 1998.1

·         Niels Bohr, “Discussions with Einstein on Epistemological Problems in Atomic Physics”, в «Астр. и косм.», 1998.1

Physics / 100 Greatest Discoveries – video

Michio Kaku: The Universe in a Nutshell

Einstein didn’t finish working on “the unified field theory”, or “theory of everything”: “one equation to summarize all the physical forces in the Universe”. But theory of everything cannot be limited to physics. And why it should be merely a theory, and not also a practice? =

“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from divinity”, Arthur C. Clark. We will have the power of gods.

Beginning of modern physics: Galileo and Newton. 

First force: gravitation. Newton’s 3 laws. They made the Industrial revolution possible.

Second force: electromagnetism. Michael Faraday. Light is an electromagnetic force. Maxwell. We’re still in this force, developing it. 

Strong Nuclear force: holds the nucleus together. Can it be the same as “gravity”? Collision of matter and anti-matter gives the greatest possible energy. 

String theory: a multiverse, instead of one universe. A possibility of “worm holes”, i.e. passing from one “time-space” to another, in effect, time travel, from one universe to another. 

73% of the Universe is “dark energy”, 23% is “dark matter”. Stars – 4% of the universe. Human beings, planets, etc. – 0.3% of the Universe.

Therefore, most of the Universe is not made of “atoms” but of “dark energy and matter”. 

Michio Kaku: The Intelligence Revolution 

No doubt, the future revolution – both, in material production and in social relations – will be driven by intelligence, or rather intelligence + physical force.

Machines learn to recognize objects. That means that computers will become robots.

Robots are certainly the technology of the future to explore with V. 

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.