The fact that Germany and the United States have now economically outstripped England was made possible by the very backwardness of their capitalist development. On the other hand, the conservative anarchy in the British coal industry [...] is a paying-up for the past when England played too long the rôle of capitalist pathfinder. The development of historically backward nations leads necessarily to a peculiar combination of different stages in the historic process. Their development as a whole acquires a planless, complex, combined character.[1]

[1] Leon Trotsky, The History of the Russian Revolution, trans. Max Eastman (London: Pluto Press, 1977), 26-27.

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