Previous: Narodniki, part 9

(v) The Origins of Revolutionary Movement

Where should we search for the origins of the narodnik movement? Surely, this is not in the works of the theoreticians of the narodnik movement, such as Lavrov and Mikhailovsky, although according to the reminiscences of their contemporaries, students would go to the people having the volume of "Historical Letters" of Lavrov under their arms.

The origins of the narodnik movement should be seen in the general growth of knowledge. The new people and the new concepts which they represented did not fit into the old framework of the tsarist Russia. For example, Wikipedia writes about Lobachevsky : "the scientific ideas of Lobachevsky were not understood by his contemporaries. His work 'On the Origins of Geometry', sent in 1832 by the council of his University to the Academy of Sciences, has gotten a negative evaluation from M.V. Ostrogradsky. He was not supported by his colleagues, there was a growing misunderstanding and an ignorant ridicule".


The young N.A. Morozov, a narodnik revolutionary and a Soviet scientist. He is an example of combination of social and scientific revolution in one person.

Lobachevsky lacked "common sense". Tsiolkovsky was considered a deaf moron. However, N.A. Morozov, a former narodnik, speaking at the meeting of Society of Friends of the Aviation Fleet, on 19 August, 1923, said: "The time has come to think about the future and develop a harmonious plan for development of all kinds of aviation. We should provide strong wings for our Fatherland... Our society should pay a special attention to flying apparatuses based on the rocket principle - the rocket airplanes and space rockets for interplanetary travels. The problem of jet aviation and interplanetary travels is successfully tackled by our great countryman of Kaluga Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky. I find his works exceptionally interesting! We should ask the government to subsidize the rocket investigations with golden rubles to the amount necessary for experimental development of theoretical conclusions of Tsiolkovsky".

Similarly for the modernity, we should also seek the origins of revolutionary movement in the global development of knowledge in its various forms. What does it mean?

Looking back at the development of knowledge in Russia in XIX century, we can ask the following questions:

1. Who can summarize modern knowledge?

2. What is the state of modern science?

3. What is happening to the development of industry?

4. What are the tendencies in the modern poetry, music, literature, and art?

5. Who are the people with multidimensional knowledge?

6. What revolutionary movements are there in the modern society?

Next: Narodniki, part 11

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