R.Dunaevskaya broke with Trotsky in 1939 when he continued to maintain that the Soviet Union was a "workers' state" even after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (also known as the Hitler-Stalin Pact). She opposed any notion that workers should be asked to defend this "workers' state" allied with Nazi Germany in a world war. Along with theorists such as C.L.R. James, and later Tony Cliff, Dunayevskaya argued that the Soviet Union had become 'state capitalist'
(Her) tendency developed a theory that rejected traditional Leninism and saw the workers as being spontaneously revolutionary
Raya Dunayevskaya (wrote) on Hegel's dialectic, 1961